How Renewable Hydrogen will help Europe decarbonization?Written by Chris Kwacz
"Europe has committed to decarbonise its energy system. Renewable electricity will take care of most of that. But there are parts of the energy system we can’t electrify. Here renewable hydrogen is going to need to play an important role. Producing renewable hydrogen will require a massive scale-up of electrolysers; and of renewables, the raw material for electrolysis”, said Giles Dickson, WindEurope CEO.
Renewable hydrogen is currently among the hottest topics in the energy field. The molecule has been closely linked to Europe’s vision of a decarbonised energy system by 2050. Renewables such as wind energy are the raw material for the production of renewable hydrogen.
Renewable hydrogen is produced via electrolysis based on electricity from renewable sources such as wind and solar. This differentiates it from other forms of hydrogen production, for example, steam methane reforming with or without carbon capture and storage (CCS), both produced from fossil fuels. The production and the use of renewable hydrogen do not result in carbon emissions. In Europe’s decarbonised future energy system there is no place for fossil fuels, in either electricity generation or in hydrogen production. That’s why the European Commission sees renewable hydrogen as most compatible with its Green Deal objective of carbon neutrality by 2050.
In its Hydrogen Strategy the European Commission in 2020 pledged to ramp up electrolyser capacities for renewable hydrogen to 6 GW by 2024 and 40 GW by 2030. The strategy also includes targets for the production of renewable hydrogen: 1 million tonnes by 2024 and 10 million tonnes by 2030. From 2030 to 2050, renewable hydrogen technologies will reach maturity and will be deployed at a large scale across all hard-to-decarbonise sectors. The European Commission expects renewable hydrogen to become a globally leading technology for emission reduction in sectors such as heavy-duty transport, aviation, shipping or in industrial processes such as steel and chemicals production. Europe wants to lead this transition with innovative, renewables-based technologies.
“Wind is already 16% of Europe’s electricity. But Europe will need many more wind farms to meet the demand for renewable electricity. And to deliver Europe’s aspirations of being a global leader in renewable hydrogen technology and solutions”, said Giles Dickson. “As the voice of Europe’s wind industry, WindEurope is actively engaging in the political development around renewable hydrogen.”
In November 2020 WindEurope, SolarPower Europe and Breakthrough Energy launched the “Renewable Hydrogen Coalition”. The coalition which is now supported by 20 of the most innovative and ambitious companies in the field of renewable hydrogen today released its Policy Charter. The Charter lays out the crucial policy foundations to enable the scaling-up and market uptake of renewable hydrogen.
WindEurope is involved in a second important initiative: the EU Commission’s “European Clean Hydrogen Alliance”. The Alliance aims at an ambitious deployment of hydrogen technologies by 2030, bringing together a range of stakeholders from renewable and low-carbon hydrogen producers to industrial off-takers, mobility and other sectors, and hydrogen transmission and distribution operators. The alliance will help to implement the European Hydrogen Strategy, and in particular, its investment agenda, estimated at €430bn of new investments from now till 2030.
WindEurope acts as the “facilitating organisation” for one of the six roundtables responsible for the operational work of the European Clean Hydrogen Alliance. The roundtable on “Clean Hydrogen in the Energy Sector” considers questions of re-electrification, storage, electricity grids and balancing. Members of the roundtable are in charge of building a thematic pipeline of promising scale-up projects as well as an investment agenda in these areas. They may also provide input on future regulations, standardisation and R&I priorities.
Source: WindEurope #meethydrogen
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